Allotment #29: Addie Billington Leonard

Sisters Rosie Beck and Addie Leonard, Photo courtesy Clarence E. Hayward.

Adeline G. Billington Leonard      

Born: 14 March 1884 Died: 11 April 1971

Adeline “Addie” Billington was the first child of Asariah Billington and Mary Adeline (Boure) Dollar.  She attended school at the Quapaw Boarding School, Chetopa Public School, and Chilocco Indian School before returning home and marrying Charles W. Leonard, another Miami allottee.  Addie and Charles had nine children, and twenty-one grandchildren.  Addie proudly raised her children (Irene, Elmer, Carl, Busey, Cora, LeRoy, Anna, Everett Eugene, and Verdenia Pauline), but she was also very proud of her grandchildren. After Charles’ death in 1940, Addie spent a great deal of her time with the grandchildren, and taught them their Myaamia heritage. The Quapaw Indian Competency Commission interviewed both her and Charles in 1910, as part of the process of removing restrictions on selling allotted land.  The commissioner’s record gives an impression of a family living with humble means, struggling to support their family in hard economic times. But it also says they were educated, robust, and industrious.  They knew the meaning of hard work, and passed that on to their family.